Camp Kanombe and Surroundings
Drawn by Witness GS
Exhibit No P81
2 February 2006
The Prosecutor v. Augustin Ndindiliyimana et al. (Military II), ICTR-00-56
This is a sketch of Camp Kanombe, in Kigali, Rwanda, and its immediate surroundings in 1994. It was drawn by Prosecution witness GS, a member of the Rwandan Armed Forces.
During his testimony, the witness used the sketch to identify, among others, the location of Camp Kanombe (in the centre of the map) and President Juvénal Habyarimana’s residence (number 8 on the map).
Witness GS testified that in the morning of 9 April 1994, he saw Major Ntibihura, a commander in charge of a battalion at Camp Kanombe, distributing arms and ammunition to a group of Interahamwe militia at Camp Kanombe. The witness subsequently testified that he saw Interahamwe on several occasions in Camp Kanombe in front of the office of Major Ntibihura.
The Trial Chamber relied on this and other evidence to find that Rwandan military and civilian authorities were providing weapons and training to civilians. Through the use of this evidence, the Prosecution attempted, unsuccessfully, to demonstrate a conspiracy to commit genocide against the Tutsi.
This exhibit was used in the Ndindiliyimana et al. case, informally known as “Military II”, which involved four accused, Augustin Bizimungu, François-Xavier Nzuwonemeye, Innocent Sagahutu and Augustin Ndindiliyimana, all of whom were high ranking officials in the Rwandan army or the Gendarmerie Nationale in 1994.
The accused were charged with the killings of Tutsi at Kansi Parish, St André College, Nyanza Hill, Musambira commune office and other sites, the rape of Tutsi women and girls, as well as the assassination of the Rwandan Prime Minister and Belgian soldiers attached to the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR), allegedly committed by members of the Rwandan army under the command responsibility of the accused.
Ndindiliyimana and Nzuwonemeye were acquitted of all counts of the indictment on appeal. Bizimungu was found guilty on appeal of genocide, extermination, murder and rape as crimes against humanity as well as murder and rape as serious violations of common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions and sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. Sagahutu was found guilty of murder as a crime against humanity and murder as a serious violation of common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions and was sentenced on appeal to 15 years imprisonment.